Exploring Leadership Dimension among Organizations (The Analysis against Leadership Excellence Based on Cultural and Ethnical Backgrounds in Indonesia)

Pieter Sahertian ., Andi Nu Graha .

Abstract


Research uses confirmatory factor analysis involving Excellent Leader Scale with characteristics measuring excellent leadership. These characteristics reflect what leaders/managers experience in organization when they perform their responsibilities. Excellent Leader Scale contains several items such as Organizational Demand (OD), Personal Qualities (PQ), Managerial Behavior (MB) and Environmental Influence (EI)Confirmatory factor analysis is carried out to attest whether Excellent Leader Scale with eight leadership characteristics has shown higher level of leadership. T-test is conducted to examine different constructs underlying leadership excellence among leaders. The respondent of research is the leaders in business organization and public/governmental organization. Result of research indicates that the leaders are maintaining the distinctive leadership behaviors based on ethnical identity, especially Indonesia local wisdom.


Keywords


leadership dimension, leadership excellence, ethnic and culture

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