Employee Retention in Public and Private Hospital Settings: An Empirical Study of its Relationship with Participative Climate, and Role Performance

Priyanka Singh Jadon ., B.K. Upadhyay .


Employee retention is a well-known yet quite neglected phenomenon in the hospitals. An incessant pressure indicated by growing concerns about employee retention has drawn an intensive interest regarding this issue and associated consequences. This converged for the pursuit of exploring and examining the concerned attribute. This study evaluates the perception of hospital employees in public and private sector hospitals and suggests the relationship among employee retention and Participative Climate (PC) and Role-Performance (RP). The study was conducted among 1010 individuals from public and private hospital settings. After the identification of underlying constructs; theory-driven factors were evaluated using correlation analysis. The findings contributed to the understandings of retention as well as to the exploration of some of the enshrouded factors and consequences. Thus, it concludes several implications and suggestions for enriching further insight and inquiry into employee retention in public and private hospitals.


Factorial Structure, Healthcare Setups, Employee Retention, Role-Performance, Participative Climate etc.

Full Text:



Armstrong, M. & Murlis, H. (1998). Reward management. London: Biddles Ltd.

Bateman, T. S., & Organ, D. W. (1983). Job satisfaction and the good soldier: The relationship between affect and employee ‘‘citizenship’’. Academy of Management Journal, 26, 587–595.

Bentler, P. M., & Bonett, D. G. (1980). Significance tests and goodness-of-fit in the analysis of covariance structures. Psychological Bulletin, 88, 588-600.

Bollen, K. A. (1990). A comment on model evaluation and modification. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 25, 181-185.

Borman, W.C., & Motowidlo, S.J. (1997). Task performance and contextual performance: The meaning for personnel selection research. Human Performance, 10, (2), 99-109.

Brown, J. D. (2009). Statistics Corner: Questions and answers about language testing statistics: Choosing the right number of components or factors in PCA and EFA. Shiken: JALT Testing & Evaluation SIG Newsletter, 13(2), 19-23.

Cappelli, P. (2000). A market driven approach to retaining talent. Harvard Business Review, January-February, 103-111.

Cudeck, R., & O'Dell, L. L. (1994). Applications of standard error estimates in unrestricted factor analysis: Significance tests for factor loadings and correlations. Psychological Bulletin, 115, 475-487.

Dalton, D.R., & Todor, W.D. (1979). Turnover turned over: An expanded and positive perspective. Academy of Management Review, 4, 225-235.

Finch, J. F., & West, S. G. (1997). The investigation of personality structure: Statistical models. Journal of Research in Personality, 31, 4, 439-485.

Fukuyama, F. (1995). Trust: The social virtues and the creation of prosperity, New York: Free Press.

Garland, R. (1991). Point on a Rating Scale: Is it Desirable? Marketing Bulletin, 2, 66-70.

Gibson, L.L., Donnelly, J.H. & Ivancevich, J.M. (2000). Fundamentals of Management, Chicago: Irwin.

Gomez-Mejia, L.R. & Balkin, D.B. (1992). Compensation, organizational strategy, and firm performance. Cincinnati, Ohio: South-Western Publishing Co.

Griffeth, R.W., & Hom, P.W. (2001). Retaining valued employees. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Hom, P.W., & Griffeth, R.W. (1995). Employee turnover. Cincinnati, OH: South-Western.

Hu, L.T., & Bentler, P. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in co- variance structure analysis: Coventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modelling, 6, 1-55

Hunter, J.E., & Hunter, R.F. (1984). Validity and utility of alternate predictors of job performance. Psychological Bulletin, 96, 72-98.

Jackofsky, E. F. (1984). Turnover and job performance: An integrated process model. Academy of Management Review, 9, 74-83.

Kaiser, H. F. (1960). The application of electronic computers to factor analysis. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 20, 141-151.

Kanter, R. (1977). Men and women of the corporation. New York: Basic Books.

Muchinsky, P.M., & Morrow, P.C. (1980). A multidisciplinary model of voluntary employee turnover. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 17, 263-290.

Norris, M., & Lecavalier, L., (2009).Evaluating the Use of Exploratory Factor Analysis in Developmental Disability Psychological Research. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 40(1), 8–20.

Pillemer, K. (n.d.). A higher calling. Choose nursing assistants carefully, train them well, and your turnover rates will dwindle. Contemporary Long-Term Care, 20 (4), 50-2, 1.

Relf, M. (1995). Increasing job satisfaction and motivation while reducing nursing turnover through the implementation of shared governance. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly 18, 3, 7-13.

Seibert, S., Silver, S., & Randolph, W. (2004). Taking empowerment to the next level: A multiple-level model of empowerment, performance, and satisfaction. Academy of Management Journal, 47, 332-349.

Stevens, J. (1986). Applied multivariate statistics for the social sciences. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Allyn & Bacon.

Ugboro, I. O., & Obeng, K. (2000). Top management leadership, employee empowerment, job satisfaction, and customer satisfaction in TQM organizations: an empirical study. Journal of Quality Management, 5 (2), 247-272.

Welbourne, T.M., Johnson, D.E., & Erez, A. (1998). The role-based performance scale: validity analysis of a theory-based measure. Academy of Management Journal, 41 (5), 540-555.

Wickens, P.D. (1995). The ascendant organisation. London: MacMillan


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Editorial Office:

Educational Research Multimedia & Publications,
S.N. 21, Plot No 24, Mirza Ghalib Road Malegaon Nasik,
Maharashtra India - 423203.
+912554235588, +919764558895
editor@scholarshub.net, www.scholarshub.net

Copyrights © 2010-2022 - ERM Publications, India     

This work is licensed under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/

click site richard mille replica a fantastic read rolex replica read the article копии часов read this article orologi replica.